10 Yield to put (YTP) calculates the yield rate until the issuer puts the bond. Also, investors must remember that these calculations are estimates only. Yield to maturity code promo carredour drive ancien (YTM) is the total return anticipated on a bond if the bond is held until it matures. A bond carries a coupon amount of interest that is stated on the face of the bond certificate, and bonds are traded between investors. Yield to maturity is considered a long-term bond yield, but is expressed as an annual rate. Instead, one can approximate YTM by using a bond yield table.

7 For example, when you plug.9 percent (3.45 percent semi-annual you get a P.70. It generally must be determined using trial and error or an iterative technique. Actual returns depend on the price of the bond when it is sold, and bond prices are determined by the market and can fluctuate substantially. This is too low, but you now know that the precise yield to maturity is somewhere between 6 and 7 percent or between 3 and.5 percent on a semi-annual basis. Because YTM is expressed as an annual coupon d inscription rate regardless of the bonds term to maturity, it can be used to compare bonds that have different maturities and coupons since YTM expresses the value of different bonds on the same terms. Limitations of Yield to Maturity (YTM) Like any calculation that attempts to determine whether or not an investment is a good idea, yield to maturity comes with a few important limitations that any investor seeking to use it would do well to consider.